10/02/2019- The Menominee Police Department is among law enforcement agencies across Michigan participating in the second phase of a roadside drug testing pilot program. The expanded Oral Fluid Roadside Analysis Program began yesterday statewide and mirrors a similar year-long program previously used in five Michigan counties. Under the program, a drug recognition expert may require a person they suspect to be under the influence of drugs to submit to a preliminary oral fluid analysis to screen for the presence of a controlled substance. That test can detect the presence of amphetamines, benzodiazepines, cannabis, cocaine, methamphetamine, and opiates and will be administered along with the drug recognition 12-step evaluation currently used by DREs. Refusal to submit to a preliminary oral fluid analysis upon lawful demand of a police officer is considered a civil infraction. Over the last several years, Michigan has seen a steady increase in fatal crashes involving drivers impaired by drugs. In 2018 alone, there were 247 drug-involved traffic fatalities.